Building your Own

Bake your own Image

In order to build your very own version of resinOS for one of our supported boards, you will first need to make sure you have a working Yocto environment setup. Then pick the device type you wanna build, in this example we will use the raspberry pi 3. So first we need to grab the resin-raspberrypi and initialise all its submodules.

git clone https://github.com/resin-os/resin-raspberrypi
git submodule update --init --recursive

We can then use the helpful BARYS (Build Another Resin Yocto System) tool to setup up and start our build. To see all the functionality BARYS provides run ./resin-yocto-scripts/build/barys -h from with in the repo.

Now to actually build a development version of resinOS for the Raspberry Pi 3, we can run the following:

./resin-yocto-scripts/build/barys -r --shared-downloads $(pwd)/shared-downloads/ --shared-sstate $(pwd)/shared-sstate/ -m raspberrypi3

Now sit tight and maybe go and make several cups of tea, this is gonna take a little while.

Supporting your Own Board

Pre-requisites: a Yocto Board Support Package (BSP) layer for your particular board. It should be compatible to the Yocto releases resinOS supports.

Repositories used to build resinOS host Operating System (OS) are typically named resin-<board-family>. For example, consider resin-raspberrypi which is used for building the OS for Raspberryi Pi, or [resin-intel][resin-intel repo] repository which can be used to build a resin.io image for the Intel NUC boards.

Contributing support for a new board consist of creating a a Yocto package that includes:

  • general hardware support for the specific board,
  • the resinOS-specific software features,
  • deployment-specific features (i.e. settings to create SD card images or self-flashing images)

The following documentations walks you through the steps of creating such a Yocto package. Because of the substantial difference between the hardware of many boards, this document provides general directions, and often it might be helpful to see the examples of already supported boards. The list of the relevant repositories is found the end of this document.

Board Support Repository Breakout

The resin-<board-family> repositories use git submodules for including required Yocto layers from the relevant sub-projects.

The root directory shall contain 2 directory entries:

  • a layers directory
  • [resin-yocto-scripts][resin-yocto-scripts] git submodule.

Note: you add submodules by git submodule add <url> <directory>, see the git documentation for more details.

The root directory generally also includes the following files:

  • CHANGELOG.md
  • LICENSE
  • README.md
  • VERSION

and one or more files named <yocto-machine-name>.coffee, one for each of the boards that the repository will add support for (eg. raspberry-pi3.coffee for Raspberry Pi 3 in resin-raspberrypi). This file contains information on the Yocto build for the specific board, in CoffeeScript format. A minimal version of this file, using Raspberry Pi 3 as the example, would be:

module.exports =
  yocto:
    machine: 'raspberrypi3'
    image: 'resin-image'
    fstype: 'resinos-img'
    version: 'yocto-jethro'
    deployArtifact: 'resin-image-raspberrypi3.resinos-img'
    compressed: true

The layers directory contains the git submodules of the yocto layers used in the build process. This normally means the following components are present:

  • [poky][poky] at the version/revision required by the board BSP
  • [meta-openembedded][meta-openembedded] at the revision poky uses
  • [meta-resin][meta-resin] using the master branch
  • [oe-meta-go][oe-meta-go] using the master branch (there were no branches corresponding to the yocto releases at the time this howto was written)
  • Yocto BSP layer for the board (for example, the BSP layer for Raspberry Pi is meta-raspberrypi)
  • any additional Yocto layers required by the board BSP (check the Yocto BSP layer of the respective board for instructions on how to build the BSP and what are the Yocto dependencies of that particular BSP layer)

In addition to the above git submodules, the "layers" directory also contains a meta-resin-<board-family> directory (please note this directory is not a git submodule, but an actual directory in the ). This directory contains the required customization for making a board resin.io enabled. For example, the resin-raspberrypi repository contains the directory layers/meta-resin-raspberrypi to supplement the BSP from layers/meta-raspberrypi git submodule, with any changes that might be required by resinOS.

The layout so far looks as follows:

├── CHANGELOG.md
├── LICENSE
├── README.md
├── VERSION
├── layers
│   ├── meta-openembedded
│   ├── meta-<board-family>
│   ├── meta-resin
│   ├── meta-resin-<board-family>
│   ├── oe-meta-go
│   └── poky
├── <board>.coffee
└── resin-yocto-scripts

meta-resin-<board-family> breakout

This directory contains:

and a number of directories out of which the mandatory ones are:

  • conf directory - contains the following files:

    • layer.conf, see the layer.conf from meta-resin-raspberrypi for an example, and see Yocto documentation
    • samples/bblayers.conf.sample file in which all the required Yocto layers are listed, see this bblayers.conf.sample from meta-resin-raspberrypi for an example, and see the Yocto documentation
    • samples/local.conf.sample file which defines part of the build configuration (see the meta-resin [README.md][meta-resin-readme] for an overview of some of the variables use in the local.conf.sample file). An existing file can be used (e.g. local.conf.sample) but making sure the "Supported machines" area lists the appropriate machines this repository is used for. See also the Yocto documentation.
  • recipes-containers/docker-disk directory, whichcontains docker-resin-supervisor-disk.bbappend that shall define the following variable(s):

    • SUPERVISOR_REPOSITORY_<yocto-machine-name>: this variable is used to specify the build of the supervisor. It can be one of (must match the architecture of the board):

      • resin/armv7hf-supervisor (for armv7 boards),
      • resin/i386-supervisor (for x86 boards),
      • resin/amd64-supervisor (for x86-64 boards),
      • resin/rpi-supervisor (for raspberry pi 1),
      • resin/armel-supervisor (for armv5 boards).
    • LED_FILE_<yocto-machine-name>: this variable should point to the Linux sysfs path of an unused LED if available for that particular board. This allows the unused LED to be flashed for quick visual device identification purposes). If no such unused LED exists, this variable shall not be used.

  • recipes-core/images directory, which contains at least a resin-image.bbappend file. Depending on the type of board you are adding support for, you should have your device support either just resin-image or both resin-image-flasher and resin-image. Generally, resin-image is for boards that boot directly from external storage (these boards do not have internal storage to install resin.io on). resin-image-flasher is used when the targeted board has internal storage so this flasher image is burned onto an SD card or USB stick that is used for the initial boot. When booted, this flasher image will automatically install resin.io on internal storage.

    The resin-image.bbappend file shall define the following variables:

    • IMAGE_FSTYPES_<yocto-machine-name>: this variable is used to declare the type of the produced image (it can be ext3, ext4, resinos-img etc. The usual type for a board that can boot from SD card, USB, is "resinos-img").

    • RESIN_BOOT_PARTITION_FILES_<yocto-machine-name>: this allows adding files from the build's deploy directory into the vfat formatted resin-boot partition (can be used to add bootloader config files, first stage bootloader, initramfs or anything else needed for the booting process to take place for your particular board). If the board uses different bootloader configuration files when booting from either external media (USB thumb drive, SD card etc.) or from internal media (mSATA, eMMC etc) then you would want make use of this variable to make sure the different bootloader configuration files get copied over and further manipulated as needed (see INTERNAL_DEVICE_BOOTLOADER_CONFIG_<yocto-machine-name> and INTERNAL_DEVICE_BOOTLOADER_CONFIG_PATH_<yocto-machine-name> below). Please note that you only reference these files here, it is the responsibility of a .bb or .bbappend to provide and deploy them (for bootloader config files this is done with an append typically in recipes-bsp/<your board's bootloader>/<your board's bootloader>.bbappend, see [resin-intel grub bbappend][resin-intel grub append] for an example)

      It is a space separated list of items with the following format: FilenameRelativeToDeployDir:FilenameOnTheTarget. If FilenameOnTheTarget is omitted then the FilenameRelativeToDeployDir will be used.

      For example to have the Intel NUC bzImage-intel-corei7-64.bin copied from deploy directory over to the boot partition, renamed to vmlinuz:

      RESIN_BOOT_PARTITION_FILES_nuc = "bzImage-intel-corei7-64.bin:vmlinuz"
      

    The resin-image-flasher.bbappend file shall define the following variables:

    • IMAGE_FSTYPES_<yocto-machine-name> (see above)
    • RESIN_BOOT_PARTITION_FILES_<yocto-machine-name> (see above). For example, if the board uses different bootloader configuration files for booting from SD/USB and internal storage (see below the use of INTERNAL_DEVICE_BOOTLOADER_CONFIG variable), then make sure these files end up in the boot partition (i.e. they should be listed in this RESIN_BOOT_PARTITION_FILES_<yocto-machine-name> variable)
  • recipes-kernel/linux directory: shall contain a .bbappend to the kernel recipe used by the respective board. This kernel .bbappend must "inherit kernel-resin" in order to add the necessary kernel configs for using with resin.io

  • recipes-support/resin-init directory - shall contain a resin-init-flasher.bbappend file if you intend to install resin.io to internal storage and hence use the flasher image. This shall define the following variables:

    • INTERNAL_DEVICE_KERNEL_<yocto-machine-name>: this variable is used to identify the internal storage where resin.io will be written to.
    • INTERNAL_DEVICE_BOOTLOADER_CONFIG_<yocto-machine-name>: this variable is used to specify the filename of the bootloader configuration file used by your board when booting from internal media (must be the same with the FilenameOnTheTarget parameter of the bootloader internal config file used in the RESIN_BOOT_PARTITION_FILES_<yocto-machine-name> variable from recipes-core/images/resin-image-flasher.bbappend)

    • INTERNAL_DEVICE_BOOTLOADER_CONFIG_PATH_<yocto-machine-name>: this variable is used to specify the relative path (including filename) to the resin-boot partition where INTERNAL_DEVICE_BOOTLOADER_CONFIG_<yocto-machine-name> will be copied to.

      For example, setting

      INTERNAL_DEVICE_BOOTLOADER_CONFIG_intel-corei7-64 = "grub.cfg_internal"
      

      and

      INTERNAL_DEVICE_BOOTLOADER_CONFIG_PATH_intel-corei7-64 = "/EFI/BOOT/grub.cfg"
      

      will result that after flashing the file grub.cfg_internal is copied with the name grub.cfg to the /EFI/BOOT/ directory on the resin-boot partition.

The directory structure then looks similar to this:

├── COPYING.Apache-2.0
├── README.md
├── conf
│   ├── layer.conf
│   └── samples
│       ├── bblayers.conf.sample
│       └── local.conf.sample
├── recipes-bsp
│   └── bootfiles
├── recipes-containers
│   └── docker-disk
│       └── docker-resin-supervisor-disk.bbappend
├── recipes-core
│   ├── images
│   │   └── resin-image.bbappend
├── recipes-kernel
│   └── linux
│       ├── linux-<board-family>-<version>
│       │   └── <patch files>
│       ├── linux-<board-family>_%.bbappend
│       └── linux-<board>_<version>.bbappend
└── recipes-support
    └── resin-init
        ├── files
        │   └── resin-init-board
        └── resin-init-board.bbappend

Building

See the meta-resin Readme on how to build the new resinOS image after setting up the new board package as defined above.

Troubleshooting

For specific examples on how board support is provided for existing devices, see the repositories in the Supported Boards section.